Brief information on topic and research question: The world is faced with a task to limit the global warming to below 2 0 C of pre-industrial time to reduce the occurrence of climate extreme hazards. Agricultural expansion to forests remains the major threat to forests in most developing countries, especially in Africa, Latin America, and (sub) tropical Asia. While the forest and land resources were sufficient in the past, the increased dependency to 50%, compared to 30 years ago, economy dependency on agricultural resources, has led to over-exploitation. In most developing countries the remaining forests are located in rural remote areas, where 86% of the farming population live. A combination of limited access to social and economic services and limited survival alternatives; the use of inefficient extensive farming methods, rain-fed agriculture, acerbates the rapid deforestation rates. Many studies confirm that use of improved agricultural technologies such as improved crop varieties and agro-inputs can enhance crop productivity. It has also been reported that enhanced crop productivity may increase or reduce forest conversion, but which factors influence the outcome of agricultural yield on forest land sparing, conversion or forest dependency is not clear. The effect of agricultural technology on forest resources is also dependent on the type of crop enterprises by farmers. Similarly, some studies indicate that farmers are responsive to crop commodity price signals and indicate that type of crop commodity, market demand and prices are important in explaining agricultural conversion rates. This study will be carried out in Hoima and Kibaale districts of Mid-Western Uganda and seeks to i) To determine the crop enterprises that drives the conversion of private natural forests. ii) To establish intensity of application of yield enhancing agricultural technologies by private forest owners and the determinants of adoption. iii) To examine intervening factors that determines the outcome of agricultural yield enhancing technologies on forest conversion by private forest owners. iv) To establish the relationship between level of forest dependency and agricultural technology application by private forest owners.
Progress to date
1. Study concept accepted by graduate school and provisional admission granted.
2. Reconnaissance survey completed and study sites selected
3. Proposal revision in progress.